Initially in the wake of the recession, college enrollments expanded, boosting the ranks of young adults living at home.And given the weak job opportunities facing young adults, living at home was part of the private safety net helping young adults to weather the economic storm.For women, delayed marriage—which is related, in part, to labor market outcomes for men—may explain more of the increase in their living in the family home.The Great Recession (and modest recovery) has also been associated with an increase in young adults living at home.Similarly with earnings, young men’s wages (after adjusting for inflation) have been on a downward trajectory since 1970 and fell significantly from 2000 to 2010.As wages have fallen, the share of young men living in the home of their parent(s) has risen.This is mainly because women are more likely than men to be single parents living with their children.For their part, young men (25%) are more likely than young women (19%) to be living in the home of another family member, a non-relative or in some type of group quarters.
The first is the postponement of, if not retreat from, marriage.
Economic factors seem to explain less of why young adult women are increasingly likely to live at home.
Generally, young women have had growing success in the paid labor market since 1960 and hence might increasingly be expected to be able to afford to live independently of their parents.
Some 14% of young adults were heading up a household in which they lived alone, were a single parent or lived with one or more roommates.
The remaining 22% lived in the home of another family member (such as a grandparent, in-law or sibling), a non-relative, or in group quarters (college dormitories fall into this category).