Despite the availability of good natural ingredients, each of these early American glassmakers eventually failed due to production and managerial difficulties.As a result, colonists imported most of their glass from England throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. The entrance to the Morris-Jumel Mansion, New York City, is one of the earliest surviving installations of stained glass in the country. Social values as well as high costs also restricted the use of stained and other ornamental glass.Of all the decorative effects possible with glass, however, none is more impressive than “stained glass.” Since the days of ancient Rome, stained glass in windows and other building elements has shaped and colored light in infinite ways.Stained and leaded glass can be found throughout America in a dazzling variety of colors, patterns, and textures (Figure 1).In 1879 the Window Glass Association of America was established, and in 1903 The National Ornamental Glass Manufacturers’ Association, precursor of the Stained Glass Association in America, was formed.The 60 years from about 1870 to 1930 were the high point for stained glass in the U. In the early years, American stylistic demands reflected those current in Europe, including various historic revivals, and aesthetic and geometric patterns.A number of notable churches, large mansions, civic buildings, and other prominent buildings boast windows or ceilings by La Farge, Tiffany, Connick, or one of many other, lesser-known, American masters, but stained or leaded glass also appears as a prominent feature in great numbers of modest houses built between the Civil War and the Great Depression.
It appears in all building types and architectural styles—embellishing the light in a great cathedral, or adding a touch of decoration to the smallest rowhouse or bungalow.
Less than 1% of the Nation’s stained and leaded glass predates 1700.
Considering the enormous loss of 17th-, 18th-, and early 19th-century buildings, window glass surviving from these periods is very significant (Figure 3).
Every effort should be made to document and preserve it.
Despite many failed starts, the War of 1812, and British competition, American glass production increased steadily throughout the 19th century.